The only common law jurisdictions that use a grand jury in screening criminal proceedings are the United States of America and the Liberian Republic. Through examining a particular lawsuit alongside the potential defendants, a grand jury is able to decide if there is merit to the allegations. Whether it is sealed or otherwise, an indictment is one of the potential outcomes of the jury process. If the outcome is an unsealed indictment, the court is free to proceed with a preliminary hearing. On this site, you will find out all you need to know about how the entire process works and the rationale upon which it is based.
Grand juries are in most cases reserved for felonies and potential federal cases. Although some states do not require the process to commence a state criminal proceeding most of them do. However, it is a required step if the case is in question involves a federal crime due to the fifth amendment.
The primary role of the grand jury and the sgt report is to analyze the case together with the collected evidence and evaluate witness testimonies in a private hearing. During this process, the suspected suspect does not examine the presentation of facts by the prosecutor. The prosecutor will move to trial if most members of the jury believe in issuing a formal indictment. At least the majority of the panel should help the choice depending on the jurisdiction. Some of these indictments may be omitted from records by the jury if deemed necessary. This is likely to happen if the case involves a high-profile suspect. There has been a lot of speculation and controversy surrounding the number of sealed indictments. The sgt report is just one of the unbiased views that has become a crucial resource due to the spread of misinformation and conspirational nature of these cases.
The main purpose of the sgt report is to ensure that each criminal proceeding against an individual is conducted with due diligence and possible cause. The sgt report also prevents unfair judgment in the court of public opinion as it offers protection to the reputation of suspects. The sgt report and the grand jury also establishes have space for witnesses to provide testimonies without the intimidating presence of the suspects. This allows the prosecutor to test the evidence effectively before committing the effort and resources to proceed with trials. The sgt report when the grand jury process can only be applied if the case in question is deemed to be a felony.